The Hati Centre – Where holistic treatment meets expert care.

Anemia Treatment Malaysia

Anemia is characterized by a deficiency of healthy red blood cells within the body. These cells play a vital role in supplying oxygen to various tissues throughout the body. Iron deficiency anemia stands out as the most prevalent form of anemia.

Health Complications

Severe anemia has the potential to reduce oxygen levels in critical organs like the heart, which could ultimately result in heart failure.

Types Of Anemia

Various types of anemia encompass:

  1. Anemia resulting from vitamin B12 deficiency
  2. Anemia attributed to folate (folic acid) deficiency
  3. Anemia caused by iron deficiency
  4. Anemia of chronic disease
  5. Hemolytic anemia
  6. Idiopathic aplastic anemia
  7. Megaloblastic anemia
  8. Pernicious anemia
  9. Sickle cell anemia
  10. Thalassemia
Key Information On Anemia

While various body components contribute to the production of red blood cells, the majority of this process occurs within the bone marrow. Bone marrow, located in the core of bones, serves as the soft tissue responsible for generating all types of blood cells.

While numerous body systems contribute to the production of red blood cells, the primary site of this vital process is the bone marrow. Situated within the center of bones, bone marrow functions as the soft tissue responsible for the formation of all blood cells.

The lifespan of healthy red blood cells typically ranges from 90 to 120 days. After this period, various parts of the body facilitate the removal of old blood cells. Erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone synthesized in the kidneys, plays a crucial role by signaling the bone marrow to generate additional red blood cells as needed.

Hemoglobin, an essential protein found within red blood cells, serves as the carrier of oxygen throughout the body. It is the presence of hemoglobin that imparts the characteristic red color to these cells. Individuals with anemia experience a deficiency in hemoglobin levels, which can lead to a variety of health issues due to inadequate oxygen transport.

The body relies on specific vitamins, minerals, and nutrients to maintain adequate red blood cell production, with iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid ranking among the most crucial. However, deficiencies in these nutrients can arise due to various factors, including:

  1. Alterations in the lining of the stomach or intestines, impacting nutrient absorption (e.g., celiac disease).
  2. Poor dietary habits.
  3. Surgical procedures that involve the removal of sections of the stomach or intestines.

Potential causes of anemia encompass:

  1. Iron deficiency.
  2. Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  3. Folate deficiency.
  4. Certain medications.
  5. Premature destruction of red blood cells, often associated with immune system disorders.
  6. Chronic illnesses such as chronic kidney disease, cancer, ulcerative colitis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
  7. Inherited conditions like thalassemia or sickle cell anemia.
  8. Pregnancy.
  9. Bone marrow disorders such as lymphoma, leukemia, myelodysplasia, multiple myeloma, or aplastic anemia.
  10. Gradual blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual periods or gastric ulcers.
  11. Acute episodes of significant blood loss.

Identifying and addressing the underlying cause of anemia is crucial for effective management and treatment.

Symptoms of anemia can vary depending on its severity and how rapidly it develops. In some cases, individuals may experience no symptoms, particularly if the anemia is mild or progresses slowly. However, common early symptoms may include:

  1. Increased weakness or fatigue, especially during physical activity.
  2. Headaches.
  3. Difficulty concentrating or cognitive impairment.
  4. Irritability.
  5. Loss of appetite.
  6. Numbness and tingling sensation in the hands and feet.

As anemia progresses, symptoms may become more pronounced and include:

  1. Bluish tint to the whites of the eyes.
  2. Brittle nails.
  3. Cravings for non-food items (pica syndrome), such as ice.
  4. Dizziness or lightheadedness upon standing up.
  5. Pallor or paleness of the skin.
  6. Shortness of breath, even during mild exertion or at rest.
  7. Sore or inflamed tongue.
  8. Mouth ulcers.
  9. Abnormal or increased menstrual bleeding in females.
  10. Decreased libido or loss of sexual desire in men.

If you experience any of these symptoms, particularly if they persist or worsen over time, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management.

During a medical assessment for anemia, healthcare providers typically conduct a thorough physical examination, which may reveal:

  1. Detection of a heart murmur.
  2. Low blood pressure, particularly upon standing up.
  3. Mild fever.
  4. Paleness of the skin.
  5. Elevated heart rate.

Furthermore, specific types of anemia may manifest additional physical findings.

Diagnosis of common forms of anemia often involves blood tests, which may include:

  1. Evaluation of blood levels of iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and other essential vitamins and minerals.
  2. Complete blood count (CBC).
  3. Reticulocyte count.

Additionally, supplementary tests may be ordered to identify underlying medical conditions contributing to anemia.

Anemia Treatment

Anemia treatment varies based on its underlying cause. Here’s a breakdown:

  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia: Typically managed with iron supplements and dietary adjustments. In cases where blood loss is the cause, identifying and stopping the source of bleeding, which may necessitate surgical intervention, is crucial.

  2. Vitamin Deficiency Anemias: Addressed through dietary supplements and enriching the diet with folic acid and vitamin B-12. Individuals with absorption issues may require regular vitamin B-12 injections.

  3. Anemia of Chronic Disease: Treatment targets the underlying condition. Severe cases may necessitate blood transfusions or erythropoietin hormone injections.

  4. Anemias Associated with Bone Marrow Disease: Management involves medications, chemotherapy, or bone marrow transplants from donors.

  5. Aplastic Anemia: Treatment may include blood transfusions to bolster red blood cell levels, with bone marrow transplants reserved for cases where the marrow fails to produce healthy blood cells.

  6. Hemolytic Anemias: Approach includes discontinuing causative medications, treating infections, and, in cases of immune-mediated destruction, administering immune-suppressing medications.

  7. Sickle Cell Anemia: Management encompasses oxygen therapy, pain relief, intravenous hydration, blood transfusions, and folic acid supplementation. Hydroxyurea, a cancer drug, is also utilized.

  8. Thalassemia: Treatment ranges from mild cases requiring no intervention to severe cases necessitating blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, medications, or even splenectomy.

Understanding the specific type and cause of anemia is key to implementing the most effective treatment plan. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential for personalized guidance and management.


See Also:

Why Choose Us

Quality Care

The providers we work with hold licenses and board certifications, and they exclusively recommend evidence-based treatments in accordance with clinical guidelines

Clients First

At our core, we prioritise being the first choice for your healthcare needs by placing a strong emphasis on prioritising your safety, health and trust.

Affordable Pricing

With our transparent pricing policy, you can be confident that there will be no unexpected charges or undisclosed fees.

Testimonials

Recent Articles

Articles

The Quick Guide to Vitamin Therapy

Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is a type of hair transplant done by extracting an individual hair follicle from skin and moving them to another part of the body where the person could be having problems with hair loss or hair thinning. FUE is an outpatient procedure where no admission is needed and patient can go back once the procedure is done.

Articles

Enhanced External Counter Pulsation (EECP)

Enhanced External Counter Pulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive outpatient treatment that aims to lower the number and intensity of angina episodes which are commonly known as chest pain.

Articles

Follicular Unit Extraction

Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is a type of hair transplant done by extracting an individual hair follicle from skin and moving them to another part of the body where the person could be having problems with hair loss or hair thinning. FUE is an outpatient procedure where no admission is needed and patient can go back once the procedure is done.

Articles

Hair Loss In Women

In general, we shed between 50 – 100 strands of hair per day. Hair shedding is part of natural balance. However, when the balance is interrupted more hair tends to fall out and less hair tends to grow in. Hair loss is different than hair shedding.

Need to see a Wellness Consultant?

Book an appointment here!